An Important Announcement
In celebration of Duotrope's 10th Anniversary, we are pleased to announce some exciting new features! Learn more.

Glossary of Terms

A general note: The definitions of some of these terms vary greatly from editor to editor, publication to publication. In those cases, we choose the most common or standard definition. Editors may have different definitions for these terms. However, when we read their guidelines, we translate it to reflect the definitions used here. For example, if an editor is looking for "flash fiction" between 1,000 - 1,500 words, on this site they will be listed as accepting "short stories."

General Terms

F Fiction
This includes short fiction, novels, book-length fiction, and fiction collections, whether published in magazines, online journals, anthologies, stand-alone books, etc.
N Non-fiction
This includes essays, narrative non-fiction, articles, books, etc. published in any medium.
P Poetry
This includes poetry, poetry collections and chapbooks, whether published in magazines, online journals, anthologies, stand-alone books, etc.
TEMP CLOSED
This indicates they are not currently accepting submissions but plan on re-opening.
ON HIATUS
This indicates they are closed indefinitely to submissions and may or may not re-open at a later date.
CLOSED
This indicates they have closed to submissions permanently without the intention of re-opening.
DEFUNCT
This indicates the publication is believed to be no longer active. We always attempt to contact the editor before declaring a publication "defunct."
FLEDGLING
This is a new publisher with a publication history of less than six months at the time we created the listing. After being listed with us for six months, the FLEDGLING flag will be removed.
DNQ
This indicates the publication does not qualify for a full listing. DNQ listings allow users to track submissions to places that don't meet our criteria, but they provide no other information.

Audience BETA

These terms are for self-identification purposes only. We do not impose strict definitions on any of the groups listed. Duotrope welcomes everyone, regardless of nationality, ethnicity, gender, creed, or sexual identity.

Note to editors: In addition to the options below, you may have "Open to a broad Audience" appear on your listing. However, if you are open to a broad audience and there's a particular segment you are most interested in reaching, then please let us know. (Note that you cannot select more than half of the options.) Also, if the publication is listed as "open to a broad audience" and there are any groups you are absolutely not interested in reaching, let us know and we will add them to your exclusions list.
Open: Open to all/most Domicile: People in a specific region Religion: Hindus
Age: All ages Ethnicity: All ethnic groups/populations Religion: Jews
Age: Adults Ethnicity: Blacks/People with African origins Religion: Muslims
Age: Children Ethnicity: Hispanics/Latinos Religion: Neo-pagans
Age: Middle grades Ethnicity: Indigenous Peoples Religion: Followers of a specific religion
Age: New adults Ethnicity: People with East Asian origins Sexuality: All sexual identities
Age: Seniors/Pensioners Ethnicity: People with Middle Eastern or North African origins Sexuality: Asexuals
Age: Young adults Ethnicity: People with South Asian origins Sexuality: Bisexuals
Age: Specific age group Ethnicity: People with Southeast Asian origins Sexuality: Heterosexuals
Domicile: All nationalities Ethnicity: Whites/People with European origins Sexuality: Lesbians/Gays
Domicile: Africans Ethnicity: Specific ethnic group/population Sexuality: Transgender people
Domicile: Americans Gender: All genders Sexuality: Specific sexual identity
Domicile: Australians Gender: Females Other: Military personnel
Domicile: Britons Gender: Males Other: Non-religious people
Domicile: Canadians Gender: Specific gender identity Other: People with disabilities
Domicile: Indians (country of India) Religion: All religions Other: People with mental illness
Domicile: Irish Religion: Buddhists Other: Scholars
Domicile: New Zealanders Religion: Christians Other: Specific group


Genres & their Subgenres

We will not define the genres in our list, since definitions differ widely. Always read a copy of a publication to get an idea of what they're looking for.

Note to editors: While we offer "Open to all/most genres" as an option, it is better to list each genre you accept individually so you will have a better showing in search results for those. Also, if you are listed as "open to all/most genres" and there are any genres you are absolutely not interested in, let us know that as well and we will add them to your exclusions list.
The same advice is applicable to subgenres. While "open to all/most subgenres" is always an option, you can also select the subgenres that most interest you. (Note that with subgenres, you cannot select more than half of the options for any given genre.)
A Action/Adventure Historical
E Erotica BDSM, Contemporary, Erotic Action-Adventure, Erotic Fantasy, Erotic Horror, Erotic Mystery, Erotic Romance, Erotic Science Fiction, Erotic Suspense, Erotic Western, Gothic, Historical, Paranormal, Shapeshifter, Vampire
F Fantasy Apocalyptic/Post-Apocalyptic, Bizarro, Contemporary, Dark Fantasy, Fabulism, Gothic, Heroic Fantasy, Historical, Light Fantasy, Magic Realism, Paranormal, Science Fantasy, Shapeshifter, Shared World, Slipstream, Steampunk, Superhero, Supernatural, Sword & Sorcery, Urban Fantasy, Vampire, Weird Tale, Weird Western
G General Bizarro, Fabulism, Gothic, Historical, Magic Realism, Slipstream, Urban, Women's Fiction
H Horror Apocalyptic/Post-Apocalyptic, Bizarro, Creature Horror, Dark Fantasy, Extreme Horror, Fabulism, Gothic, Historical, Horror Western, Magic Realism, Noir, Paranormal, Psychological, Science Fiction Horror, Serial Killer, Shapeshifter, Shared World, Slipstream, Soft Horror, Steampunk, Supernatural, Vampire, Weird Tale, Zombie
M Mystery/Crime Caper/Heist, Cozy, Crime, Detective, Hardboiled, Historical, Noir, Police Procedural, Private Investigator, Supernatural
R Romance Chick Lit, Contemporary, Erotic Romance, Gothic, Historical, Paranormal, Regency, Romantic Action-Adventure, Romantic Comedy, Romantic Fantasy, Romantic Horror, Romantic Mystery, Romantic Science Fiction, Romantic Suspense, Romantic Western, Time Travel, Vampire
S Science Fiction Alternate History, Apocalyptic/Post-Apocalyptic, Bizarro, Contemporary/Near Future, Cyberpunk, Dystopian, Hard Science Fiction, Mundane Science Fiction, Science Fantasy, Science Fiction Horror, Science Fiction Western, Shared World, Slipstream, Soft Science Fiction, Space Opera, Steampunk, Superhero, Time Travel, Weird Tale, Weird Western, Zombie
T Suspense/Thriller Conspiracy, Crime, Espionage, Hardboiled, Historical, Legal Thriller, Noir, Political Thriller, Psychological, Romantic Suspense, Serial Killer
W Western Alternate History, Classical Western, Contemporary, Horror Western, Science Fiction Western, Weird Western
O Open to all/most genres  

Length Types (Fiction)

F Flash Fiction Less than 1,000 words. The publisher may restrict this further. For example, to 100-500 words.
S Short Story 1,000 to 7,500 words. The publisher may restrict this further. For example, to 2,000-4,000 words.
T Novelette 7,500 to 15,000 words. The publisher may restrict this further. For example, to 8,000-12,000 words.
A Novella 15,000 to 40,000 words. The publisher may restrict this further. For example, to 16,000-24,000 words.
N Novel Over 40,000 words. The publisher may restrict this further. For example, to 60,000-80,000 words.
C Story Collection A single-author (or co-author) short story collection. (This also includes flash fiction collections).
E Novel Excerpt An excerpt from a long work of fiction. Word counts may vary.

Types/Lengths (Non-fiction)

I Interview A non-fiction interview. Word counts may vary.
V Review A non-fiction review. Word counts may vary.
R Article A non-fiction article. Word counts may vary.
Y Essay A non-fiction essay. Word counts may vary.
Z Narrative Non-Fiction A narrative non-fiction story. Word counts may vary.
K Non-fiction Collection A single-author (or co-author) non-fiction collection. Word counts may vary.
O Book A non-fiction book. Word counts may vary.
X Book Excerpt An excerpt from a long work of non-fiction. Word counts may vary.

Length Conversions For prose, when editors list their length requirements in a different unit than the one we use, we apply the following conversions:

Characters to words (prose only): Divide the number of characters by 6 to get the approximate word count equivalent.
Pages to words (prose only): Multiply the number of pages by 250 to get the approximate word count equivalent. (Using standard manuscript formatting.)

Types/Lengths (Poetry)

P Poem Individual poems. Line counts may vary.
B Poetry Chapbook A single-author (or co-author) poetry chapbook (short collection, usually under 48 pages). Page counts may vary.
L Poetry Collection A single-author (or co-author) book-length poetry collection (usually over 48 pages). Page counts may vary.

Media

E Electronic
Published in digital form. This could include web pages, PDFs, eBooks, CD-ROM, etc.
P Print
Published in print (ink and paper) form. This could include glossy magazines, home-printed 'zines, paperbacks, hardcovers, material produced through print-on-demand services, etc.
A Audio
Published as audio. This could include radio broadcast, podcast distribution, downloadable audio files, etc.

Payment - Short Prose (Fiction/Non-fiction)

If the publication is outside the USA, we have converted their payment rates into US dollars.
N Non-paying Does not pay in real-world money, but may offer copies. A 3,000-word story sale would result in US $0.
T Token Payment Amounts to less than 1 US cent per word. Sometimes referred to as an honorarium. A 3,000-word story sale would result in US $29.99, at most.
S Semi-Pro Amounts to payment between 1 US cent per word and 4.9 US cents per word. A 3,000-word story sale would result in as little as US $30 to as much as US $149.99.
P Professional * Amounts to payment from 5 US cents per word and up. A 3,000-word story sale would result in anything from US $150, all the way up to the thousands.
+ Plus Royalties Pays royalties based on sales, in addition to any other payment offered.

Payment - Individual Poems

If the publication is outside the USA, we have converted their payment rates into US dollars.
N Non-paying Does not pay in real-world money, but may offer copies.
T Token Payment Pays less than US $5 per poem.
S Semi-Pro Amounts to payment between US $5 and US $49 per poem.
P Professional * Amounts to payment from US $50 per poem and up.
+ Plus Royalties Pays royalties based on sales, in addition to any other payment offered.

Payment - Book-Length

If the publication is outside the USA, we have converted their payment rates into US dollars.

Advances

N No advance Does not pay an advance in real-world money, but may offer copies.
T Token Pays an advance of less than US $200.
S Semi-Pro Pays an advance of more than US $200 and less than US $2,000.
P Professional * Pays an advance of US $2,000 or more.

Royalties

N No royalties Does not pay royalties.
< < 15% Pay royalties of less than 15%.
> >= 15% Pays royalties of 15% or more.
* Note that some writers' associations may define "professional" differently. Some writers' associations require a certain number of "professional" sales before a writer can join. The term professional does not imply that the writer lives solely off income from writing.

Poetry Forms

We will not define the poetry forms in our list, since definitions may differ. Always read a copy of a publication to get an idea of what they're looking for.

Note to editors: In addition to the options below, you may have "Open to all/most forms" appear on your listing. However, if you are open to all/most forms, then please let us know your favorites so you will have a better showing in search results for those. (Note that you cannot select more than half of the options.) Also, if you are listed as "open to all/most forms" and there are any forms you are absolutely not interested in, let us know that as well and we will add them to your exclusions list.
Open Formal verse Long poetry Rondeau
Ballad Free verse Lyric poetry Sestina
Beat poetry Ghazal Metrical Short poetry
Blank verse Haiku (or related) Narrative poetry Sonnet
Canzone Hybrid form Pantoum Tanka
Cinquain Invented/Nonce form Persona poetry Villanelle
Dramatic verse Light verse Prose poetry Visual poetry
Experimental poetry Limerick Rhyming Other form


Styles

We will not define the styles in our list, since definitions differ widely. Always read a copy of a publication to get an idea of what they're looking for.

Note to editors: In addition to the options below, you may have "Open to all/most styles" appear on your listing. However, if you are open to all/most styles, then please let us know your favorites so you will have a better showing in search results for those. (Note that you cannot select more than half of the options.) Also, if you are listed as "open to all/most styles" and there are any styles you are absolutely not interested in, let us know that as well and we will add them to your exclusions list.
Open Experimental Personal Satirical
Absurdist Humorous Pulp Surrealist
Academic Literary Quirky Technical
Critical Mainstream Realist Transgressive
Dark Minimalist

Note: Styles listed in purple are only available for Fiction/Poetry listings, while those listed in green are only available for Non-Fiction listings. The ones listed in black are available to all listings.

Submission Type

E Electronic
Accepts electronic submissions. This could be emailed submissions or online form submissions. Always check guidelines for any restrictions with electronic submissions.
P Postal
Accepts postal submissions. Don't forget to include a SASE (self-addressed, stamped envelope) so the editor can respond to your submission. If you are mailing a submission to a foreign country, send International Reply Coupons instead of stamps or request a response via email (check the guidelines to see what's appropriate.)
Simultaneous submissions
This refers to the practice of sending a single story to different publications at the same time. When simultaneous submissions are allowed, most editors prefer for you to let them know up front, and always let them know if the piece is accepted elsewhere. When simultaneous submissions aren't allowed, some editors blacklist writers who get caught sending them simultaneous submissions. (Note: We do not list a publication as accepting simultaneous submissions unless their submission guidelines explicitly state that they do accept them.)
Multiple entries
For contest listings, we indicate when multiple entries are permitted. Note that for fee-based contests, each entry must usually be submitted with a separate fee.
Multiple pieces
We indicate the number of pieces of each type (poem, flash fiction, essay, etc.) that can be sent in a single submission.
Multiple submissions
With the exception of those contests that allow multiple entries (see above), we highly discourage sending "multiple submissions" (i.e., not waiting for a response from an editor before sending the same publication another submission). We refer to those as "impatient submissions." Always wait for a response before sending a publication another submission and check their guidelines to make sure you don't send them too many submissions within any given period of time.
Reprints
This refers to submitting a piece that has been previously published. Some editors are lenient when determining if a piece has been previously published. Others consider pieces that have been posted on personal websites and on publicly-accessible forums to be previously published.

Topics & Subtopics BETA

We will not define the topics and subtopics in our list, since definitions differ widely. Always read a copy of a publication to get an idea of what they're looking for.

Note to editors: In addition to the options below, you may have "Open to all/most topics" appear on your listing. However, if you are open to all/most topics, then please let us know your favorites so you will have a better showing in search results for those. (Note that you cannot select more than half of the options.) Also, if you are listed as "open to all/most topics" and there are any topics you are absolutely not interested in, let us know that as well and we will add them to your exclusions list.
The same advice is applicable to subtopics. While "General" is always an option, you can also select the subtopics that most interest you.
Open to All/Most 
Agriculture/Agricultural SciencesAgricultural chemistry, Agricultural engineering, Agronomy, Animal husbandry, Fish and wildlife, Forestry, Horticulture, Phytopathology, Veterinary sciences
AnthropologyCultural anthropology, Ethnography and Ethnology, Social anthropology
Architecture and PlanningArchitectural design, Parks and Gardens, Theory/Analysis/Criticism, Urban planning
Astronomy/AstrophysicsCosmology, Interplanetary physics, Optical astronomy, Planetology, Radio astronomy, Solar system
Business/FinanceAccounting, Business, Industry, Personal finance
ChemistryAnalytical chemistry, Biochemistry, Inorganic chemistry, Macromolecular chemistry, Nuclear chemistry, Organic chemistry, Physical chemistry
Children/FamilyAdolescence, Adoption, Child development, Fertility, Parenting/Child care, Pregnancy/Childbirth
DemographyFertility, Geographical demography, Historical demography, Mortality, Population characteristics, Population size and demographic evolution
Earth SciencesAtmospheric sciences, Climatology, Geochemistry, Geodesy, Geology, Geophysics, Hydrology, Meteorology, Oceanography, Soil science
EconomicsDomestic fiscal policy and public finance, Econometrics, Economic accounting, Economic activity, Economic systems, Economic theory, Economics of technological change, Industrial organization and public policy, International economics, Organization and management of enterprises, Sectorial economics
Education/PedagogyEducational theory and methods, Organization and planning of education, Teacher training and employment
EthicsClassical ethics, Ethics of individuals, Group ethics, Prospective ethics
Film/TelevisionCinematography, Film, Television, Theory/Analysis/Criticism
Folklore/MythologyAncient mythologies, Cultural folklore, Fables, Fairy tales, Ghost stories, Urban legends
GeographyEconomic geography, Historical geography, Human geography, Regional geography
Health/MedicineAddiction/Recovery, Clinical sciences, Epidemiology, Forensic medicine, Illness, Internal medicine, Mental health, Nutrition sciences, Occupational medicine, Pathology, Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacology, Preventative medicine, Psychiatry, Public health, Surgery, Toxicology
HistoryArchaeology, Art history, Biographies, History by epoch, History of countries/regions, Military history, Topical history
Law/Juridical ScienceCanon law, General theory and method, International law, Legal organization, National law and organization
Life SciencesBiomathematics, Biometrics, Biophysics, Botany, Cell biology, Ecology, Entomology, Ethnology, Genetics, Human biology, Human physiology, Immunology, Microbiology, Molecular biology, Paleontology, Physical anthropology, Radiobiology, Symbiosis, Virology, Zoology
LifestyleCooking, Crafts, Diet, Fitness, Food and Drink, Games, Gardening, Home decor, Mind-body-spirit, Pets
LinguisticsApplied linguistics, Diachronic linguistics, Linguistic geography, Linguistic theory, Semantics, Synchronic linguistics
Literature/BooksTheory/Analysis/Criticism, Writing
LogicApplication of logic, Deductive logic, Inductive logic, Methodology
MathematicsAlgebra, Analysis and functional analysis, Geometry, Number theory, Numerical analysis, Operations research, Probability, Statistics, Topology
Memoir 
MusicClassical music, Musicology, Popular music, Theory/Analysis/Criticism
Nature/EnvironmentEnvironmental issues, Nature
Performing ArtsChoreography, Dance, Performance art, Theater, Theory/Analysis/Criticism
PhilosophyMetaphysics, Philosophical anthropology, Philosophical doctrines, Philosophical systems, Philosophy of knowledge, Philosophy of nature, Philosophy of science, Social philosophy
PhysicsAcoustics, Electro-magnetism, Electronics, Mechanics, Molecular physics, Nuclear physics, Nucleonics, Optics, Physical chemistry, Solid state physics, Theoretical physics, Thermodynamics, Units and constants
Place/RegionsRural areas, Specific region, Suburban areas, Urban areas
Politics/Political ScienceInternational relations, Policy sciences, Political ideologies, Political institutions, Political life, Political sociology, Political systems, Political theory, Public administration, Public opinion
PsychologyAbnormal psychology, Adolescent and child psychology, Counseling and guidance, Educational psychology, Evaluation and measurement in psychology, Experimental psychology, Geriatric psychology, Occupational and personnel psychology, Parapsychology, Personality, Psychological study of social issues, Psychopharmacology, Social psychology
Religion/SpiritualityBuddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Indigenous/Folk religions, Islam, Judaism, Mysticism, New Age, Occultism, Paganism/Neo-paganism, Sikhism, Spirituality
Science 
Seasons/HolidaysSeasons, Specific holidays
Sexuality/GenderAdult relationships, Coming out, Gender studies, LGBTQ issues, Men/Male issues, Sex, Women/Female issues
Society/CultureCrime, Current events, Ethnicity/Race, Pop culture, Social issues, War/Military issues
SociologyCultural sociology, Experimental sociology, International disorder, Mathematical sociology, Occupational sociology, Social change and development, Social communications, Social groups, Social problems/Social disorder, Sociology of human settlements
Sports/RecreationAdventure sports, Baseball, Cycling, Hunting and fishing, Running/Track and field
Style/BeautyBeauty/Hairstyles, Fashion
TechnologyAeronautical technology and engineering, Biochemical technology, Chemical technology and engineering, Computer technology, Construction technology, Electrical technology and engineering, Environmental technology and engineering, Food technology, Industrial technology, Instrumentation technology, Materials technology, Mechanical engineering and technology, Medical technology, Metal products technology, Metallurgical technology, Mining technology, Motor vehicle technology, Naval technology, Nuclear technology, Petroleum and coal technology, Power technology, Railway technology, Space technology, Telecommunication technology, Textile technology, Transportation systems technology, Unit operations technology
Travel 
Visual ArtsDecorative arts, Drawing, Fashion design, Fine art aesthetics, Graphic design, Illustration, Industrial design, Interior design, Painting, Photography, Printmaking, Sculpture, Textile arts, Theory/Analysis/Criticism
OtherMay vary
Note: Subtopics listed in green are only available for Non-Fiction listings.